So, I’m about to ‘self-combust’. I’ve been glued to the Internet looking for some inspiration to help me buy a gift for my brother’s partner. I don’t know him very well as I’ve only met him a handful of times, but I do know he’s keen on vintage stuff; he restrings tennis rackets for a hobby, (???? I know, what a nutjob!!) and he drinks bloody marys for breakfast at the weekend.
So, I need your advice. What should I buy him?
- If I were in your shoes, I would buy him +option:
- You should buy him +option:
- I’d suggest purchasing +option:
- It might be a good idea to +option:
- What you should buy is +option
According to the American business magazine, Forbes, the most important abilities or skills that employers want are as follows:
1. Can work in a team structure
2. Can make decisions and solve problems
3. Can communicate verbally with people inside and outside an organisation
4. Can plan, organise and prioritise work
5. Can obtain and process information
6. Can analyse quantitative data
7. Technical knowledge related to the job
8. Proficiency with computer software programmes
9. Can create and/or edit written reports
10. Can sell and influence others
So, do you have the above abilities? Do you agree?
Experientially speaking, I can’t work in a team structure, I’m brilliant at making decisions but they aren’t always the right ones, I’m hooked on planning and organising but I couldn’t sell an igloo to an Inuit. So, in a nutshell, it’s a good job I’m self-employed.
MANAGED TO, SUCCEEDED IN, WAS ABLE TO are used to express achievements or non-achievements connected to ability at a specific point in the past.
So, Janette, welcome to the 21st century! You have a new mobile due to the kindness and generosity of your sister.
So, is it exhausted with all that trending, tweeting and twotting, the whatsapping and ipinning, the selfying and buying and selling, the counselling and predicting, and the sending emojis and emojoys?
No, it doesn’t need to take a nap yet because although I managed to work out how to turn it on and after a lot of effort I succeeded in recharging it, unfortunately, I wasn’t able to put in my sim card. So, at the moment it’s collecting dust in a drawer!
Caution: most of the words above describing the functionality of mobiles aren’t ‘real ‘words, I’m just practising for when I join the WhatsUp-App community!
Must and Have to, can be used to express obligations. Simply put: Must expresses a personal obligation while Have to an impersonal obligation or fact.
So, with this in mind:
- I must start writing my Christmas cards.
- I must go on the wagon for a few weeks because I want to drink like a fish during the festive period.
- I must check my bank balance to ensure that my credit card isn’t about to be confiscated.
- I must stockpile bottles of wine and tins of lager because drinking is the only way to cope with Christmas jingles.
- I must stockpile a lot of pain killers.
- I must find a new boyfriend who is keen on the concept of ‘part-time temporary’ dating. All this commitment is getting on my nerves.
- I must think of an unquestionable reason why I’ve decided not to spend Christmas with my family.
- I must remind myself not to go ice skating because this leads to broken bones.
- I must invent a cheap gadget to help my ass defy the law of gravity.
Gosh, I feel exhausted with all these obligations!
So, despite my inability and reluctance to turn on my cooker, I’ve decided to host a festive formal dinner party.
With this in mind, I need to be reminded about the right way of doing things; the things that I am not supposed to do, and the things that I should or ought to do.
I did check on the Internet but, holy smokes, people take this form of entertainment far too seriously! Seriously, it’s mental, there are even books written about it!
So, so far this is my list:
- You should check to see if any guests have a specific dietary requirement. SHOULD It’s a good thing to do.
- You ought not to invite a stripper for the evening’s entertainment. OUGHT NOT TO It’s not the right thing to do.
- You had better learn how to cook something because ordering a takeaway isn’t the right thing to do. HAD BETTER: It’s the best thing to do.
- You are not supposed to drink like a fish when you are the hostess. BE SUPPOSED TO. It’s not the right thing to do, but you probably will do it anyway.
So in a nutshell:
- Disinvite gluten-free people, lactose-free people, people allergic to nuts, meat eaters, fish eaters, teetotallers, people who blog about food.
- Cancel or postpone stripper.
- Throw away packaging so nobody knows I spent an arm and a leg at El Piano buying homemade vegetarian takeaway food.
- Pour vodka into water bottles.
Must and Have to, can be used to express obligations. Simply put: Must expresses a personal obligation while Have to an impersonal obligation or a fact. As Christmas is not far off my mother has given me the following obligations:
Well, my plan is to avoid going back to the UK for Christmas so I don’t have to do any of the above. Furthermore, I would rather slit my own wrists and cut out my tongue than drink eggnog. Eggnog is for nutjobs and dairy lovers!
Seriously, what’s the problem with looking like a scarecrow, talking about my new favourite Spanish sitcom, ‘Gym Tony’, and drinking vodka?
Public notices and laws express obligations with the modal verb MUST and MUST NOT.
So what do these public notices mean? Perhaps:
- Police, you must look the other way, I’m growing some medicinal plant life.
- You must not enter this club if you have a heart problem.
- You must not buy a kangaroo for Christmas, they are wild ferocious animals and I can’t stand them!
Now, this is a gentle reminder to my Spanish driving friends about road regulations.
- At a traffic light, you must stop at a red light; a red light does not mean you must accelerate.
- At a roundabout, you must pay attention to lanes and indicate to let everyone know what you are doing.
- Motorbikes must not drive on the pavement.
- You must not deliberately crash into the front or back of a car in order to make a parking space bigger
- You must not put on mascara, check your WhatsUp?-App, nor take your pants off.
Bird’s nest or Janette’s hair without the eggs?
In general the difference between Must and Have to is connected to personal opinion. If it is your personal opinion to do something then usually we use MUST + BARE INFINITIVE, and if it isn’t connected to your opinion, for example an external situation, then we usually use HAVE TO + BARE INFINITIVE.
- My hair looks like a bird’s nest I must go to the hairdressers.
- I must phone my mother because I’ve not spoken to her for a month.
- My nephew has to go to school
- I had to walk home last night as I missed the last bus.
Sounds easy?! Well, test your knowledge here: Click here
We use the modal verbs: Must, Might and Could when we want to express a possibility. So, imagine that Pepé de Ronda is an adrenaline junkie who is very keen on rock climbing and we want to know where he is.
So we ask: Where is Pepé de Ronda?
- He MUST be rock climbing ( I am 100% sure)
- He MIGHT be white water rafting. ( I am 75% sure)
- He COULD be in the pub with Janette. ( 50% It’s a possible option)
Grammar Tip! Please remember, if you use a modal verb, you have to use the bare infinitive in the following verb. MODAL VERB+ BARE INFINITIVE (B.INF:without TO ) MUST BE, MIGHT BE, COULD BE
There is a lot of information on the Internet that you can use to improve your English and get yourself linked-in.
Why not check out the sites that Janette and Inglés Málaga recommend? The Inglés Málaga Link In section gives you direct links to external sites which will help you improve your English level. To help you on your way, here are a selection of online resources you might find useful:
- Downloads: Provides general information for grammar, vocabulary, reading, writing, listening and speaking.
- Topic of the Month: Provides ideas for writing and speaking on specific topics.
- Link In: Provides links to external support.
- Written Work: EOI suggested Levels: A2, B1, B2
- Written Work: The British Council
- Cambridge Write and Improve
Posted in Grammar, Ingles Malaga, Listening, Speaking, Vocabulary, Writing
Tagged aprende ingles malaga, Cambridge, EOI, Grammar, inglés exámenes, Listening, speaking, writing